The white jade, known as the jade in the jade, first existed as an important ritual. Its surface is delicate and moist, and it can best reflect the quality of both rigid and soft. The artistic image and artifacts carved out with it have repeatedly created exciting prices in the auction market. Nowadays, this kind of art and soul that has been tempered for years has reached their golden age, is it still in the jade carving circle?
a stimulant of market prosperity
Throughout the ages, from the court to the folk, the winds of jade, jade, and jade have lasted for a long time. And white jade, body like gelatin, warm and delicate. The aristocrats and literati of the princes and the literati are eager for it, and they do not regret it.
In the contemporary jade carving master high-end Hetian jade auction special "" night banquet - top Honda jade treasures special", there is no shortage of contemporary white jade boutique.
In fact, in recent years, the auction market has been more or less mixed with white jade works of different periods, and some have also taken high prices. For example, at the 2008 Hong Kong Sotheby's (microblogging) Chinese porcelain and handicrafts autumn auction, a Qianlong Emperor Yubao Jiaolong button Qianlong Yubi Baiyuyu sold for HK$63.38 million, setting a new world record for white jade auction; December 2011 On the 6th, at the Beijing Baoli Autumn Auction, the antiques were played on the night scene. On the other hand, in the sixties of Qing Emperor Qianlong (1795), the white jade poem "Tai Shang Emperor" was sold for 161 million yuan, once again refreshing the world of royal jade and white jade auction. Record. The contemporary jade carving masters of Xinjiang Hetian Baiyu seed material ornaments have also performed well in recent years, and they have sold at hundreds of thousands or even tens of millions of yuan.
"From the perspective of the environment of the past 10 years, the country's economy and people's living standards have gradually improved. People have more energy and strength to pay attention to things other than material and pursue spiritual enjoyment." Manager Xiong Jianzhu said that the characteristics of Bai Yu Wenrun are particularly consistent with the Chinese people's concept of freedom and moderation. It is normal for collectors to follow suit and conform to the laws of the market.
In the two Han, Tang and Song Dynasties and the prosperous jade period of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the top white jade was often sculpted into a heavyweight. At present, there are many fine white jade collections in the jade articles displayed in the Palace Museum. The modern jade carvings are also more expensive than white jade.
The industry believes that the white jade auction market has been heating up in recent years and has become a stimulant for the prosperity of the art market. From the current development situation, there are two major trends worthy of attention: First, the Ming and Qing Dynasties white jade works in the auction market. The jade articles of the Ming and Qing Dynasties are more handed down to the world. The shape of the jade is good and the materials are excellent. Most of them are pure and innocent Xinjiang Hetian jade, and the carving is fine, the art is strong, and it is very popular. Moreover, the probability of fraud in Ming and Qing jade is much lower than that of calligraphy and painting and porcelain. Second, the high-end white jade works created by famous jade carving masters have become the most popular, and the price is higher than the general jade that the auction market unveiled.
Even so, most people in the industry tend to use the "happy and mixed" to describe the current white jade market.
White jade, including Xinjiang Hetian Baiyu, Dushan jade, Qinghai white jade, and Korean and Russian white jade. As the traditional material of Chinese jade, Xinjiang Hetian Baiyu is superior to other materials in terms of fineness, luster and internal structure. Russian white jade and Qinghai white jade have only appeared in the market in recent years. The color is similar to that of Xinjiang Hetian White Jade, but it is not warm and has a glassy feel.
As someone said, "The beauty of white jade is a kind of beauty. It conforms to the implicit aesthetic concept of Chinese traditional culture. It is not unassuming, not gorgeous, not dazzling. It attracts the people with a kind of beauty of 'intimacy'. millennium."
In general, the standard for measuring the value of white jade can be judged from six aspects: color, texture, gloss, clarity, blockiness, and engraving. In the view of Mr. Xiong Jianzhu, from the color point of view, white jade is white, and in Hetian Baiyu, Qinghai white jade, Russian white jade, Korean white jade, of course, is Hetian Baiyu, and Hetian Baiyu is the most fat and white jade. Valuable is the best, but even if it is all white, you should also look at the whiteness and purity of white, flashing in white or white with gray, will affect the value of jade, white does not moisturize, commonly known as "dead white", also It affects its value; from the texture point of view, it must be dense and tough, warm and delicate. As the Chen Xing Ji Yu said: "The body is like gelatin, the essence of light, the quality is thick and warm, the pulse is tight"; from the gloss point of view, the oil is the first, of course, in addition to the quality of jade, it is also polished Process related. Usually, the carvings of white jade will throw matt, and the other is to throw light, just like glass light, usually appear in Qinghai white jade; from the perspective of clarity, the less impurities and cracks of white jade are better; In terms of block size, in the case of the same jade, the greater the block size, the higher the value.
The engraving work has a great influence on the white jade. It can be considered from two aspects: on the one hand, if the jade quality of white jade is good, the engraving work must be exquisite. After the jade carving master's exquisite carving craftsmanship and novel ideas, the work is rough and fine. There will be a qualitative leap. On the other hand, Baiyu also has a very important evaluation standard - skin color, Xinjiang Hetian Baiyu is best for seed material, and the seed material must have skin color. In the past, the master of jade carving will remove the stone skin, but now there are Russian white jade and white sea white jade on the market, which is easy to be confused, so they will selectively leave some skin color to symbolize the distinguished status of Hetian seed. The color of the skin, such as red dates, sprinkled gold, etc., will have different effects on its value.
The scarcity of raw materials, the enthusiasm of the players for the increasing collection of white jade, coupled with the popularity of the seed market, the market price of fine white jade continues to soar.
If the player wants to carry out the white jade collection, Xiong Jianzhu said that the first choice should be to select the corresponding price range, at least one of the raw materials, crafts and humanities. For example, the texture of white jade is outstanding, and even if the carving is only a shallow outline, it is worth collecting. In the same way, the jade carving master will carry out the beautiful carving of the jade material, or the skillful carving, which is not reproducible. As for the humanistic connotation, some white jade works show some major commemorative subjects. For example, it is a representative work of a jade carving master in the golden age, or has received corresponding awards, etc., and also has collection value, of course, if materials, crafts, humanities connotation With all three, it will become the goal of the player to chase.
Look at the flowers in the fog
It is precisely because people prefer Hetian Baiyu that it has caused a mixed market of white jade, which has led to the formation of fraud. Xiong Jianzhu said that the white jade's fraud is more complicated. For example, some sellers will describe Afghan jade and glass as Hetian Baiyu, making it difficult for players to distinguish between true and false. In addition, in the current market, the price of Hetian seed material is relatively high, while the price of Qinghai white jade and Russian white jade is low, so Russian white jade is a “regular guest” posing as Hetian Baiyu, which often makes collectors with its own high whiteness. Look at the flowers in the fog. For beginners, it's best to find a qualified, relatively professional platform or channel to check for yourself, and gradually strengthen its understanding in the process of purchasing.
According to industry insiders, there are two ways to distinguish them. First, the inside of the jade is observed by irradiation with a strong bottom lamp or by a fiber optic lamp. If it is Hetian white jade, a cotton lumpy body is visible inside, and a black inclusion is occasionally seen. The Russian material and the filled white jade have almost no cotton-like inclusions, but more common structures like the winged or light yarns are intertwined. Secondly, a closer comparison between Hetian Baiyu and Russian white jade, Hetian Baiyu looks as delicate and condensed as animal fat, and Russian white jade shows an extra sense of ice. In terms of gloss and transparency, Russian white jade has a relatively high transparency, strong luster, and usually has a glass luster. Hetian Baiyu has a slightly lower transparency and a soft oily luster.
After years of contact with the jade industry, Xiong Jianzhu has rich practical experience and has in-depth insights on market and market dynamics. He believes that the white jade market will develop in the direction of polarization in the future. "On the one hand, the high-end white jade market is still very strong because of the scarcity of raw materials and the cumbersome and complicated creative process. On the other hand, the mid-end white jade market is still strong. There is a huge demand, especially small and fine things, as long as the price is reasonable, it will slowly move closer to the high-end. What is more embarrassing is that some intermediate price works may face some problems."